As I began my theological education in earnest a few years back, I was surprised to find myself becoming increasingly interested in the discipline of philosophy. While it started as a corollary of my interest in theology and apologetics, it soon became an interest in its own right.
Though I've only just begun my study of philosophy, I've already found several great resources. Each of these books covers philosophy from a distinctively Christian perspective:
Christian Philosophy and A Christian View of Men and Things by Gordon Clark - Clark is both ruthlessly logical as well as ruthlessly biblical. Though I think he made a few missteps, his work, overall, is outstanding.
The Consequences of Ideas by R. C. Sproul - This one is a popular-level overview of the history of philosophy.
Introduction to Philosophy: A Christian Perspective by Norman Geisler - Geisler manages to adequately cover a tremendous amount of ground for such a (relatively) short volume.
Life's Ultimate Questions by Ronald Nash - Nash is, by far, my favorite Christian philosopher. His lectures on the History of Philosophy are largely responsible for my initial interest in philosophy. And, if you only get one book by Nash, this is the one to get.
The Love of Wisdom: A Christian Introduction to Philosophy by Steven Cowan and James Spiegel - A great intro to philosophy written by two Calvinist philosophers. Particularly of note it the fact that they cover two areas (Aesthetics and Political Philosophy) not usually covered in introductory texts.
Philosophical Foundations for the Christian Worldview by William Lane Craig and J. P. Moreland - This one is more technical and analytic than any of the other works on this list. While I don't agree with all of the positions they take, this is still an invaluable reference work.
Philosophy: A Student's Guide by David Naugle - Probably the best short introduction (you can read this in one sitting) to the major branches of philosophy from a broadly Reformed/Augustinian perspective.
Reasons for Faith: Philosophy in the Service of Theology by K. Scott Oliphint - An introduction to the major branches of philosophy from a Vantillian perspective. Has all the usual strengths and weaknesses shared by most of Van Til's ardent followers.
Socratic Logic by Peter Kreeft - This is the most fun you'll ever have with a logic textbook.
Summa Philosophica by Peter Kreeft - This a nice introduction to all of the major questions of philosophy (along with many of the minor ones). It follows the medieval question-and-answer format, and it is, like Kreeft's logic text, a lot of fun.
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